To answer this question about history well, let us consider the following sub-questions….
Have these arid and semi-arid regions been widely used by humans in the past? The Middle Eastern semi-arid and arid areas have been so fertile and favored by climate and nature, that they have in fact become one of the cradles of civilization in spite of mostly arid or semi-arid climate. Much of that fertility is based on deep layers of loess-soil , which forms highly productive, drought resilient savannas, grasslands or woodlands under proper conditions and careful management. The Fertile Crescent was for millennia the hunting and grazing area for nomadic tribes, and served as the first site of advanced agricultures, cultivating various grains wheat, barley and domestication of many dryland fruit trees and animals.
First towns, agriculture and animal domestication happened in this area over years ago. This period was likely somewhat more humid than the present. However, the main climatic framework with a rapid precipitation gradient from the Mediterranean coast to the Arabian Desert and significant annual variations in precipitation posed the necessary challenges to promote the development of dryland farming technologies and settlement evolution. Domestication of drought resistant fruit trees and animals, development of drought adapted crops, construction of towns and grain storage facilities, and development of water technologies induced growth of agriculture, trade and first civilizations that rapidly spread across all of the Middle East and the Mediterranean.
The Fertile Crescent at maximum defined extent, with the names of some ancient civilizations found there. The major progress towards modernity is associated with the Natufian culture that settled the area between the Central Negev and Southern Turkey — years ago and are considered the founders of agriculture and modern settlements.
Was the Middle East a barren desert when Western explorers arrived in the 19 th century? During this period the area experienced the bloom of multiple civilizations that invented everything from beer, wine, the wheel, modern irrigation and drainage, advanced metallurgy, modern mathematics and geometry, etc. But the area also was caught in the triangle of powers between Persia-Mesopotamia, Egypt and Greece and as such subject to cycles of conquest, occupation, taxation and over-exploitation that did not permit the stable development and maintenance of adequate land management technologies, though those were well known to the local inhabitants.
In the middle of the 19th century Mark Twain described the sub-humid Galilee as follows: Of all the lands there are for dismal scenery, I think Palestine must be the prince. The hills are barren, they are dull of color, they are unpicturesque in shape. The valleys are unsightly deserts fringed with a feeble vegetation that has an expression about it of being sorrowful and despondent.
The Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee sleep in the midst of a vast stretch of hill and plain wherein the eye rests upon no pleasant tint, no striking object, no soft picture dreaming in a purple haze or mottled with the shadows of the clouds. Every outline is harsh, every feature is distinct, there is no perspective—distance works no enchantment here. It is a hopeless, dreary, heart-broken land.
Through Arid Places: Reservoirs of Evil
Small shreds and patches of it must be very beautiful in the full flush of spring, however, and all the more beautiful by contrast with the far-reaching desolation that surrounds them on every side. I would like much to see the fringes of the Jordan in spring-time, and Shechem, Esdraelon, Ajalon and the borders of Galilee—but even then these spots would seem mere toy gardens set at wide intervals in the waste of a limitless desolation.
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Twain would be surprised today finding the same areas filled with lush olive groves and vineyards, and rich woodland and forests covering most of the Galilee, with clear streams flowing in many wild valleys. Further to the South in the semi-arid and arid Northern Negev he might find rich Mediterranean woodland, or productive agroforestry savannas Fig.
This recovery work is far from being done, with the Northern and Central Negev yet offering huge areas for restoration and rehabilitation to productive savannas and woodlands. Figure 4 shows the status of the Wadi Attir site before project start which was completely degraded former farmland with massive soil erosion. Arid to semi-arid natural vegetation in the area is often highly productive, diverse Mediterranean woodland or maquis , with oak, Pistacia , carob, Ziziphus and many edible herbs and grains, as evident in a few properly managed reserves and private farms.
It is the aim of Project Wadi Attir to restore such fertile and diverse arid vegetation in parts of the restored project locations. But when it finds none, it says, 'I will return to the person I came from. Then it says, 'I will return to my house, from where I came out. Christian Standard Bible "When an unclean spirit comes out of a person, it roams through waterless places looking for rest, and not finding rest, it then says, 'I'll go back to my house that I came from.
But when it doesn't find a place, it says, "I will go back to the home I left. If it can't find one, it says to itself, 'I will go back to my house. So it says, 'I will go back to my home that I left. Then it says, 'I will return to the home I left.
But it doesn't find any. Then it says, 'I'll go back to the home I left. Personally, I need a spiritual resurrection practically every day.
The world's most arid places
Someday we will see how all the puzzle pieces fit together, and it will be beautiful. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Skip to content Evil spirits prefer humans.
Chapter I. The arid environments
But what happens when an evil spirit leaves a human host? It needs to rest. It needs spiritual shelter and food. And yes, it needs water. Water holds great significance in the spirit realm.
Earthly water can be dangerous and turbulent. Spiritual water brings life. This is part two of a four-part series. Stay tuned… Like this post? Next Through Arid Places: You make them sound so scary!!