Translated by Jean-Jacques Poucel.
Translating the Sound in Poetry: The Poetry of Prose, the Unyielding of Sound. Cacophony, Abstraction, and Potentiality: These writers take a global perspective on the aural complexities of the music of poetry in many languages, histories, modes of performance, and literary experiments.
They also practice what they theorize and take care with the sounding of their own language. The result is a highly intelligent, wonderfully readable, and accessible collection that will be essential for anyone interested in what is happening now in literary studies, poetics, and at the sonic edge of articulation. Complexity is the key word. Sound is not just one thing but an array of phenomena noise, music, voices, echoes at play in all varieties of poetic experience—innovation, translation, performance, even visual construction.
One of the most important contributions to poetics in years. Come all you, listen to the best experts, a dream team of poets and critics, they will lead you like Orpheus and instruct you in the arts of hearing voices, accents, dialects, chants, refrains, mute alphabets even, when you read, translate or perform poetry. Literature and Literary Criticism: General Criticism and Critical Theory.
The Sound of Poetry / The Poetry of Sound
You may purchase this title at these fine bookstores. A pleasing combination of sounds; sounds in agreement with tone. Also, the repetition of the same end consonants of words such as boat and night within or at the end of a line, or the words, cool and soul, as used by Emily Dickinson in the third stanza of He Fumbles at your Spirit.
Discordant sounds in the jarring juxtaposition of harsh letters or syllables, sometimes inadvertent, but often deliberately used in poetry for effect, as in the opening line of Fences:.
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Crawling, sprawling, breaching spokes of stone,. Sound devices are important to poetic effects; to create sounds appropriate to the content , the poet may sometimes prefer to achieve a cacophonous effect instead of the more commonly sought-for euphony. The use of words with the consonants b, k and p, for example, produce harsher sounds than the soft f and v or the liquid l, m and n.
Sound poetry - Wikipedia
A mingling or union of harsh, inharmonious sounds that are grating to the ear. Harmony or beauty of sound that provides a pleasing effect to the ear, usually sought-for in poetry for effect. It is achieved not only by the selection of individual word-sounds, but also by their relationship in the repetition, proximity, and flow of sound patterns. Vowel sounds are generally more pleasing to the ear than the consonants, so a line with a higher ratio of vowel sounds will produce a more agreeable effect; also, the long vowels in words like moon and fate are more melodious than the short vowels in cat and bed.
Also called middle rhyme, a rhyme occurring within the line, as in the poem, The Matador:. His childhood fraught with lessons taught by want and misery.
A measure of rhythmic quantity, the organized succession of groups of syllables at basically regular intervals in a line of poetry, according to definite metrical patterns. In classic Greek and Latin versification , meter depended on the way long and short syllables were arranged to succeed one another, but in English the distinction is between accented and unaccented syllables. The unit of meter is the foot. Metrical lines are named for the constituent foot and for the number of feet in the line: Rarely does a metrical line exceed six feet.
In the composition of verse, poets sometimes make deviations from the systematic metrical patterns. This is often desirable because 1 variations will avoid the mechanical "te-dum, te-dum" monotony of a too-regular rhythm and 2 changes in the metrical pattern are an effective way to emphasize or reinforce meaning in the content.
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These variations are introduced by substituting different feet at places within a line. Poets can also employ a caesura , use run-on lines and vary the degrees of accent by skillful word selection to modify the rhythmic pattern, a process called modulation.
Accents heightened by semantic emphasis also provide diversity. A proficient writer of poetry, therefore, is not a slave to the dictates of metrics, but neither should the poet stray so far from the meter as to lose the musical value or emotional potential of rhythmical repetition.
Of course, in modern free verse , meter has become either irregular or non-existent. In poetry, the harmonious use of language relative to the variations of stress and pitch. Modulation is a process by which the stress values of accents can be increased or decreased within a fixed metrical pattern. Also called slant rhyme, off rhyme, imperfect rhyme or half rhyme , a rhyme in which the sounds are similar, but not exact, as in home and come or close and lose. Due to changes in pronunciation, some near rhymes in modern English were perfect rhymes when they were originally written in old English.
Strictly speaking, the formation or use of words which imitate sounds, like whispering, clang and sizzle, but the term is generally expanded to refer to any word whose sound is suggestive of its meaning. Because sound is an important part of poetry, the use of onomatopoeia is another subtle weapon in the poet's arsenal for the transfer of sense impressions through imagery. Though impossible to prove, some philologists linguistic scientists believe that all language originated through the onomatopoeic formation of words.
Sound suggestiveness; the association of particular word-sounds with common areas of meaning so that other words of similar sounds come to be associated with those meanings. It is also called sound symbolism. An example of word sounds in English with a common area of meaning is a group beginning with gl, all having reference to light, which include: The quality of richness or variety of sounds in poetic texture , as in Milton's.
In the specific sense, a type of echoing which utilizes a correspondence of sound in the final accented vowels and all that follows of two or more words, but the preceding consonant sounds must differ, as in the words, bear and care.