You could adapt this idea to create Easter eggs, flowers, rainbows, or other objects depending on the time of year. Deck the Halls pdf. Adopt-An-Element - One of the favorite projects of the year! For this project, students are required to research an element, create an advertisement, and complete an element fact sheet. The advertisements are used to create a large periodic table on a wall outside my classroom. The advertisement must be colorful, neat, and contain the required information - atomic number, atomic mass, symbol, element's name, advertising slogan, and cost.
Students must create a slogan that is related to the their element's uses. Pictures related to the advertising slogan must be included. Students are required to provide a list of sources at least three on the back of the fact sheet. For pricing information, visit the Chemicool and Los Alamos sites! I have also listed other periodic table sites for this project on the Chemistry links page of the Kid Zone. Adopt-An-Element Project pdf - includes all the worksheets for this lesson. Students "adopt" an element and create a baby book that details facts about the element and other information.
Check out "wearable" science projects at ScienceWear. Thanks to Jody Hodges for developing this great project! Students use permanent markers or fabric paint to create their own "atomic" attire by coloring the lettering and adding diagrams of cells. Visit her webpage on Facebook for more details and pictures of completed projects! Also challenge your students with: Atoms Family Lesson created by Kathleen Crawford , I use this lesson to introduce the fifth graders in my school to the basics of atomic structure.
The members of the Atoms Family correspond to protons, neutrons, and electrons to help students remember their charges and locations in an atom. In addition, students learn the basics of electron configuration with a tour of Matterville. At the end of the lesson, students sing the Atoms Family song to the tune of the Adams Family.
Atoms Family Worksheets pdf - Includes student worksheets and answer keys. Atoms Family Atomic Math Challenge pdf - Students determine the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons for each element. Atoms Family PowerPoint - I developed this presentation to use when I teach the lesson to our fifth grade students. The students fill in the Atoms Family worksheet as we discuss the presentation and then practice singing the song. The last three slides are related to the Atomic Math Challenge that I use with the lesson.
Element Trading Cards T. I created this project for fifth grade students in my school. After completing the Atoms Family lesson and Atomic Math Challenge, students use their knowledge of the elements to create trading cards. Students are also challenged to find pictures that illustrate the various uses for the elements. The pdf download includes project directions as well as templates for the cards. The templates may be copied on cover stock or glued on 3" x 5" index cards. Our students create cards for 5 elements.
The worksheet provided does not include such a requirement to allow you to modify the project to your classroom. Element Trading Cards pdf. Periodic Table Basics T.
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I developed this lesson to build on the activity called Element Trading Cards pdf see above and allow my students to explore the periodic properties of the Periodic Table of Elements. Students complete fact cards on the first 18 elements.
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They use Internet sites or printed resources to find basic information atomic number, atomic mass, and phase , melting and boiling points, physical and chemical properties, and common uses as well as draw Bohr diagrams and Lewis structures for each element. Students also color code the fact cards before cutting them apart and arranging according to atomic number. After students have created a "mini" periodic table on a large sheet of construction paper, they use the information they have collected to answer questions related to periods, families, and properties. There are two versions available.
Version 1 includes atomic number, atomic mass, number of subatomic particles, Bohr diagram, and Lewis Structure. I have listed periodic table sites for this project on the Chemistry links page of the Kid Zone. Periodic Table Basics ppt without answers for SmartBoard or Periodic Table Basics ppt with answers Atomic Basics pdf - I use this worksheet before starting the Periodic Table Basics activity to review how to determine the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons as well as introduce Bohr diagrams and Lewis structures.
A PowerPoint is also available for this lesson. Atomic Changes pdf - What happens to an atom when you add or remove protons, electrons, or neutrons? Use this worksheet to explore the changes with your students. Done with the lesson? Challenge your students with the Periodic Table Crossword Puzzle pdf. My students have difficulty visualizing ionic and covalent bonds. In order to better help them understand the transferring or sharing of electrons, my student teacher, Lindsay Bogner, and I developed this new version that involves the use of atomic headbands and ping pong balls.
Students use the ping pong balls as electrons and we demonstrate how each type of bond forms by either transferring ping pong balls from one headband to the other or by sharing ping pong balls between two headbands. Bonding Basics Teacher Information pdf , Student Worksheet pdf , Answer Key pdf , and Element Labels pdf - Includes the directions for making the atomic headbands, lesson directions, student worksheets, answer keys, and element labels for the headbands.
Bonding Basics Review Presentation ppt - This presentation goes with the review worksheet. For this version, I've combined the and versions into one that uses candy pieces with the element labels from the headbands. Students used Fruity Pebbles or other small candy or cereal for electrons to learn more about the process of transferring electrons for ionic bonding or sharing of electrons for covalent bonding. Please try again later. Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. Too small to read on a kindle. Not worth the money spent.
Don't waste your time. Another wonderful educational book by Gale Trumbeaux for kids.
The Science Spot
The Atom Family through its illustrations and writing makes easy for children to understand And for me also, I admit. I highly recommend this for your children, grandchildren and yourself. A very comprehensive explanation of the basic structure of atom, a good foundation for advanced learning. From now on you will enjoy chemistry to the fullest! See all 3 reviews. Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers.
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Set up a giveaway. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Learn more about Amazon Prime. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Get to Know Us. The gold foil experiment by Rutherford, first done in , is of particular interest to us in this unit because it was this experiment that first gave science an approximate measurement for the size of the atom.
Let's now look at the atomic radii or the size of the atom from the top of a family or group to the bottom. Take, for example, the Group 1 metals.
Each atom in this family and all other main group families has the same number of electrons in the outer energy level as all the other atoms of that family. Each row period in the periodic table represents another added energy level. When we first learned about principal energy levels, we learned that each new energy level was larger than the one before. Energy level 2 is larger than energy level 1, energy level 3 is larger than energy level 2, and so on. Therefore, as we move down the Periodic Table from period to period, each successive period represents the addition of a larger energy level.
It becomes apparent that as we move downward through a family of elements, that each new atom has added another energy level and will, therefore, be larger. One other contributing factor to atomic size is something called the shielding effect. The protons in the nucleus attract the valence electrons in the outer energy level because of opposite electrostatic charges.
The strength of this attraction depends on the size of the charges, the distance between the charges, and the number of electrons in-between the nucleus and the valence electrons. The core electrons shield the valence electrons from the nucleus.
The presence of the core electrons weakens the attraction between the nucleus and the valence electrons. This weakening of the attraction is called the shielding effect. The amount of shielding depends on the number of electrons between the nucleus and the valence electrons. The strength with which the nucleus pulls on the valence electrons can pull the valence shell in tighter when the attraction is strong and not so tight when the attraction is weakened.
The more shielding that occurs, the further the valence shell can spread out. When we compare an atom of sodium to one of cesium, we notice that the number of protons increases as well as the number of energy levels occupied by electrons. There are also many more electrons between the outer electron and the nucleus, thereby shielding the attraction of the nucleus. The outermost electron, 6 s 1 , therefore, is held very loosely.
In other words, because of shielding, the nucleus has less control over this 6 s 1 electron than it does over a 3 s 1 electron. The result of all of this is that the atom's size will be larger. What is true for the Group 1 metals is true for all of the groups, or families, across the periodic table.
As you move downward in the periodic table through a family group, the size of the atoms increases. For instance, the atoms that are the largest in the halogen family are bromine and iodine since astatine is radioactive and only exists for short periods of time, we won't include it in the discussion. As noted earlier for the main group metals, the outermost energy level in the electron configuration is indicated by the period number.
According to this, we can say that there are 3 energy levels with 2 electrons in the outermost energy level. Let's look at the electron configuration for magnesium. Moving from magnesium to strontium, strontium is in the 5 th period of Group 2.
This means that there are two electrons in the valence energy level. Strontium also has electrons occupying five energy levels. You can imagine that with the increase in the number of energy levels, the size of the atom must increase. The increase in the number of energy levels in the electron cloud takes up more space.