A year later, a more permanent gallery, Steampunk HQ , was opened in the former Meeks Grain Elevator Building across the road from The Woolstore, and has since become a notable tourist attraction for Oamaru. In , the Mobilis in Mobili: An Exhibition of Steampunk Art and Appliance made its debut. Grymm" Marsocci,  and Christopher Conte. Steampunk fashion has no set guidelines but tends to synthesize modern styles with influences from the Victorian era. Such influences may include bustles , corsets , gowns, and petticoats ; suits with waistcoats , coats, top hats  and bowler hats themselves originating in England , tailcoats and spats ; or military-inspired garments.
Steampunk-influenced outfits are usually accented with several technological and "period" accessories: Modern accessories like cell phones or music players can be found in steampunk outfits, after being modified to give them the appearance of Victorian-era objects. Post-apocalyptic elements, such as gas masks, ragged clothing, and tribal motifs, can also be included. Aspects of steampunk fashion have been anticipated by mainstream high fashion, the Lolita and aristocrat styles, neo-Victorianism, and the romantic goth subculture.
In , Kate Lambert , known as "Kato", founded the first steampunk clothing company, "Steampunk Couture",  mixing Victorian and post-apocalyptic influences. In , IBM predicted, based on an analysis of more than a half million public posts on message boards, blogs, social media sites, and news sources, "that 'steampunk,' a subgenre inspired by the clothing, technology and social mores of Victorian society, will be a major trend to bubble up and take hold of the retail industry". And in episode 7 of Lifetime ' s " Project Runway: Under the Gunn" reality series , contestants were challenged to create avant-garde "steampunk chic" looks.
The instructional book, aimed at young programming students, depicts Holmes using the engine as an aid in his investigations, and lists programs that perform simple data processing tasks required to solve the fictional cases. The book even describes a device that allows the engine to be used remotely, over telegraph lines, as a possible enhancement to Babbage's machine. In , the first version of the science fiction roleplaying game Space: The game is set in an alternative history in which certain now discredited Victorian scientific theories were probable and led to new technologies.
William Gibson and Bruce Sterling 's novel The Difference Engine is often credited with bringing about widespread awareness of steampunk. This setting was different from most steampunk settings in that it takes a dim and dark view of this future, rather than the more prevalent utopian versions. Nick Gevers 's original anthology Extraordinary Engines features newer steampunk stories by some of the genre's writers, as well as other science fiction and fantasy writers experimenting with neo-Victorian conventions. A retrospective reprint anthology of steampunk fiction was released, also in , by Tachyon Publications.
Edited by Ann and Jeff VanderMeer and appropriately entitled Steampunk , it is a collection of stories by James Blaylock , whose "Narbondo" trilogy is typically considered steampunk; Jay Lake , author of the novel Mainspring , sometimes labeled " clockpunk ";  the aforementioned Michael Moorcock; as well as Jess Nevins , known for his annotations to The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen first published in Younger readers have also been targeted by steampunk themes, by authors such as Philip Reeve and Scott Westerfeld.
Westerfeld's Leviathan trilogy is set during an alternate First World War fought between the "clankers" Central Powers , who use steam technology, and "darwinists" Allied Powers , who use genetically engineered creatures instead of machines. Suzanne Lazear's Aether Chronicles series mixes steampunk with faeries, and The Unnaturalists , by Tiffany Trent, combines steampunk with mythological creatures and alternate history. While most of the original steampunk works had a historical setting, [ citation needed ] later works often place steampunk elements in a fantasy world with little relation to any specific historic era.
Historical steampunk tends to be science fiction that presents an alternate history; it also contains real locales and persons from history with alternative fantasy technology. Self-described author of "far-fetched fiction" Robert Rankin has increasingly incorporated elements of steampunk into narrative worlds that are both Victorian and re-imagined contemporary. In , he was made a Fellow of the Victorian Steampunk Society. The comic book series Hellboy , created by Mike Mignola , and the two Hellboy films featuring Ron Perlman and directed by Guillermo del Toro , all have steampunk elements.
In the comic book and the first film , Karl Ruprecht Kroenen is a Nazi SS scientist who has an addiction to having himself surgically altered, and who has many mechanical prostheses, including a clockwork heart. The Golden Army , as an ectoplasmic medium a gaseous form in a partly mechanical suit. This second film also features the Golden Army itself, which is a collection of 4, mechanical steampunk warriors.
Since the s, the application of the steampunk label has expanded beyond works set in recognisable historical periods, to works set in fantasy worlds that rely heavily on steam- or spring-powered technology. Fantasy steampunk settings abound in tabletop and computer role-playing games. Notable examples include Skies of Arcadia ,  Rise of Nations: Rise of Legends ,  and Arcanum: Of Steamworks and Magick Obscura.
One of the first steampunk novels set in a Middle Earth -like world was the Forest of Boland Light Railway by BB , about gnomes who build a steam locomotive. The gnomes and goblins in World of Warcraft also have technological societies that could be described as steampunk,  as they are vastly ahead of the technologies of men , but still run on steam and mechanical power. The Dwarves of the Elder Scrolls series , described therein as a race of Elves called the Dwemer, also use steam powered machinery, with gigantic brass-like gears, throughout their underground cities.
However, magical means are used to keep ancient devices in motion despite the Dwemer's ancient disappearance. The game Thief: The Dark Project , as well as the other sequels including its reboot , feature heavy steampunk-inspired architecture, setting, and technology. Amidst the historical and fantasy subgenres of steampunk is a type that takes place in a hypothetical future or a fantasy equivalent of our future involving the domination of steampunk-style technology and aesthetics. In , musician Thomas Dolby heralded his return to music after a year hiatus with an online steampunk alternate fantasy world called the Floating City, to promote his album A Map of the Floating City.
Another setting is "Western" steampunk, which overlaps with both the Weird West and Science fiction Western subgenres. Several other categories have arisen, sharing similar names, including dieselpunk , clockwork-punk , and others. Most of these terms were coined as supplements to the GURPS role playing game, and are not used in other contexts.
Kaja Foglio introduced the term "Gaslight Romance", : But the latter category focuses nostalgically on icons from the late years of that century and the early years of the 20th century—on Dracula, Jekyll and Hyde, Jack the Ripper, Sherlock Holmes and even Tarzan—and can normally be understood as combining supernatural fiction and recursive fantasy , though some gaslight romances can be read as fantasies of history. Mary Shelley 's The Last Man , set near the end of the 21st century after a plague had brought down civilization, was probably the ancestor of post-apocalyptic steampunk literature.
Post-apocalyptic steampunk is set in a world where some cataclysm has precipitated the fall of civilization and steam power is once again ascendant, such as in Hayao Miyazaki 's post-apocalyptic anime Future Boy Conan ,  where a war fought with superweapons has devastated the planet. Robert Brown 's novel, The Wrath of Fate as well as much of Abney Park 's music is set in A Victorianesque world where an apocalypse was set into motion by a time-traveling mishap.
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Cherie Priest 's Boneshaker series is set in a world where a zombie apocalypse happened during the Civil War era. The Peshawar Lancers by S. Stirling is set in a post-apocalyptic future in which a meteor shower in caused the collapse of Industrialized civilization. The movie 9 which might be better classified as "stitchpunk" but was largely influenced by steampunk  is also set in a post-apocalyptic world after a self-aware war machine ran amok.
Steampunk Magazine even published a book called A Steampunk's Guide to the Apocalypse , about how steampunks could survive should such a thing actually happen. In general, this category includes any recent science fiction that takes place in a recognizable historical period sometimes an alternate history version of an actual historical period in which the Industrial Revolution has already begun, but electricity is not yet widespread, "usually Britain of the early to mid-nineteenth century or the fantasized Wild West-era United States",  with an emphasis on steam- or spring-propelled gadgets.
The most common historical steampunk settings are the Victorian and Edwardian eras , though some in this "Victorian steampunk" category are set as early as the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and as late as the end of World War I. Some examples of this type include the novel The Difference Engine ,  the comic book series League of Extraordinary Gentlemen , the Disney animated film Atlantis: Other comic series are set in a more familiar London, as in the Victorian Undead , which has Sherlock Holmes , Doctor Watson , and others taking on zombies, Doctor Jekyll and Mister Hyde , and Count Dracula , with advanced weapons and devices.
Based on Jules Verne novels, Zeman's film imagines a past that never was, based on those novels. Castle in the Sky and Howl's Moving Castle , which contain many archetypal anachronisms characteristic of the steampunk genre.
Steampunk - Wikipedia
For example, Morlock Night , written by K. Jeter , revolves around an attempt by the wizard Merlin to raise King Arthur to save the Britain of from an invasion of Morlocks from the future. Paul Guinan's Boilerplate , a "biography" of a robot in the late 19th century, began as a website that garnered international press coverage when people began believing that Photoshop images of the robot with historic personages were real.
History's Mechanical Marvel , which was published by Abrams in October Fictional settings inspired by Asian rather than Western history have been called "silkpunk". The term appears to originate with the author Ken Liu , who defined it as "a blend of science fiction and fantasy [that] draws inspiration from classical East Asian antiquity", with a "technology vocabulary Steampunk music is very broadly defined. There is a broad range of musical influences that make up the Steampunk sound, from industrial dance and world music  to folk rock , dark cabaret to straightforward punk,  Carnatic  to industrial , hip-hop to opera and even industrial hip-hop opera ,   darkwave to progressive rock , barbershop to big band.
Joshua Pfeiffer of Vernian Process is quoted as saying, "As for Paul Roland , if anyone deserves credit for spearheading Steampunk music, it is him. He was one of the inspirations I had in starting my project. He was writing songs about the first attempt at manned flight, and an Edwardian airship raid in the mids long before almost anyone else Steampunk has also appeared in the work of musicians who do not specifically identify as Steampunk. In addition, the album Clockwork Angels and its supporting tour by progressive rock band Rush contain lyrics, themes, and imagery based around Steampunk.
The television series The Wild Wild West , as well as the film of the same name , features many elements of advanced steam-powered technology set in the Wild West time period of the United States. During season 14 of the show in , the formerly futuristic looking interior set was replaced with a Victorian -styled wood-panel and brass affair.
Modified and streamlined for the revival of the series, the TARDIS console continued to incorporate steampunk elements, including a Victorian typewriter and gramophone. Several storylines can be classed as steampunk, for example: The Evil of the Daleks , wherein Victorian scientists invent a time travel device. Both separately use Wells's time machine to travel. The American TV series Q. The Professor is an inventor and scientific detective, in the mold of Sherlock Holmes. The plot of the Soviet film Kin-dza-dza!
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In making his Japanese film Castle in the Sky , Hayao Miyazaki was heavily influenced by steampunk culture, the film featuring various air ships and steam-powered contraptions as well as a mysterious island that floats through the sky, accomplished not through magic as in most stories, but instead by harnessing the physical properties of a rare crystal—analogous to the lodestone used in the Laputa of Swift's Gulliver's Travels —augmented by massive propellers, as befitting the Victorian motif.
The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. The short-lived TV show Legend , on UPN , set in Arizona, features such classic inventions as a steam-driven "quadrovelocipede" and night-vision goggles , and stars John de Lancie as a thinly disguised Nikola Tesla.
Alan Moore 's and Kevin O'Neill's The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen graphic novel series and the subsequent film adaption greatly popularised the steampunk genre. Steamboy is a Japanese animated action film directed and co-written by Katsuhiro Otomo Akira. It is a retro science-fiction epic set in a Steampunk Victorian England.
It features steamboats, trains, airships and inventors.
The Syfy miniseries Tin Man incorporates a considerable number of steampunk-inspired themes into a re-imagining of L. Despite leaning more towards gothic influences, the "parallel reality" of Meanwhile City , within the film Franklyn , contains many steampunk themes, such as costumery, architecture, minimal use of electricity with a preference for gaslight , and absence of modern technology such as there being no motorised vehicles or advanced weaponry, and the manual management of information with no use of computers.
The — Syfy television series Warehouse 13 features many steampunk-inspired objects and artifacts, including computer designs created by steampunk artisan Richard Nagy, a. The film The Three Musketeers has many steampunk elements, including gadgets and airships. The Legend of Korra , a — Nickelodeon animated series, incorporates steampunk elements in an industrialized world with East Asian themes. The Penny Dreadful television series is a Gothic Victorian fantasy series with steampunk props and costumes.
The GSN reality television game show Steampunk'd features a competition to create steampunk-inspired art and designs which are judged by notable Steampunks Thomas Willeford , Kato , and Matt King. Based on the work of cartoonist Jacques Tardi , April and the Extraordinary World is an animated movie set in a steampunk Paris.
I'll now be keeping an eye out for "steam Goth" in the future.
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About Jonathan David Baird. Other books in the series. SteamGoth Anthology 3 books. Books by Jonathan David Baird. Read more Read less. Kindle Edition File Size: Crosstime Publishing 16 October Sold by: Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a product review.
Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon. I have to admit I only purchased this because a friend's work was included, and I was paid for some work with an Amazon gift card.
That said, this is a fun compilation of works.