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Pathology of the Hard Dental Tissues - Albert Schuurs - Google Книги
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Hard Tissue Pathology
Fluoride is an effective caries preventive agent with no deleterious effects at proper daily dosage. Excess fluoride intake leads to fluorosis, thus fluoride intake for children and especially infants must be monitored. The preventive effects of fluoride are predominately topical.
Fluoride that is swallowed, such as fluoridated water and dietary supplements, have a topical effect on erupted teeth before swallowed, as well as a topical effect due to increased salivary and gingival crevicular levels.
Pathology of the Hard Dental Tissues
Similarly, topical fluoride that is swallowed may have a systemic effect. Parents should control the amount of fluoride ingested by children by following these guidelines: Supervise tooth brushing of children under three. Encourage the child to spit out excess toothpaste. Do not let the child eat toothpaste.
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For those children that are fed formula the intake of fluoride by infants is influenced more by the water used to reconstitute formulas than by the formulas themselves. Fluoride concentrations in ready-to-feed formulas are relatively low and do not contribute significantly to development of fluorosis. Powdered and liquid concentrates reconstituted with water with 0. Therefore in areas with these fluoride concentrations, infants may be ingesting fluoride in amounts that may cause fluorosis. Thus the infant receives four times the recommended dose of fluoride.
Parents should be counseled to mix 1 bottle of fluoridated water with powdered formula per day. For the remaining bottles use non-fluoridated water. Treatment of intrinsic stains consists of vital and non-vital bleaching techniques and aesthetic restorations.
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Microabrasion may be considered for treatment of fluorosis. Extrinsic stains may involve all or some of the teeth and result from an excess of various chemicals or minerals in the saliva.
Stain location is around the mandibular incisors in the vicinity of the sublingual glands and the maxillary molars in the vicinity of the parotid glands. Request permission to reuse content from this site. Pathology of the Hard Dental Tissues. Added to Your Shopping Cart. Description This is a seminal text uniquely dedicated to oral hard tissue pathology, presenting the growth of clinical knowledge and advancement in the field in recent years.
Includes prevention techniques as well as treatment regimes Contains many colour clinical photographs Accompanied by a large number of references Provides helpful tables to categorise the causes and characteristics of lesions Written by a leading expert in the field.
During his career at ACTA and in his clinical practice, he has developed particular expertise in the field of oral hard tissue pathology. Permissions Request permission to reuse content from this site.