He's the son of one of Chicago's richest families. He'll graduate from an exclusive Chicago prep-school. He cruises in a Benz SLK, a grad present from his fath Aaron Hardaway has it all. And a loving mother. Sylvia Karnes Hardaway, evil Queen of Chicago society, long ago thrust her son into therapy hell.
Twelve shrinks later, Thirteen enters Aaron's life. Thirteen's mantra is eyes wide open. Thirteen will transform Aaron's life. So will bad boy Derrick. OTs perform assessments to simulate work tasks in order to determine best matches for work, accommodations needed at work, or the level of disability. Work conditioning and work hardening are interventions used to restore job skills that may have changed due to an illness or injury.
Occupational therapists can also prevent work related injuries through ergonomics and on site work evaluations. The skills of an occupational therapist enable them to serve as advocates for systemic change, impacting institutions, policy, and entire populations. Examples of populations that experience occupational injustice include:. For example, the role of an occupational therapist working with refugees could include: Community based practice allows for OTs to work with clients and other stakeholders such as families, schools, employers, agencies, service providers, stores, day treatment and day care and others who may influence the degree of success the client will have in participating.
It also allows the therapist to see what is actually happening in the context and design interventions relevant to what might support the client in participating and what is impeding her or him from participating. The role of the OT also may vary, from advocate to consultant, direct care provider to program designer, adjunctive services to therapeutic leader.
In contrast, occupational injustice relates to conditions wherein people are deprived, excluded or denied of opportunities that are meaningful to them. Within occupational therapy practice, injustice may ensue in situations wherein professional dominance, standardized treatments, laws and political conditions create a negative impact on the occupational engagement of our clients. Worldwide, there is a range of qualifications required to practice occupational therapy. Canada and more recently an Occupational therapy doctorate OTD is becoming more common e.
Additionally, in the United States, there is also an option to become a certified occupational therapy assistant COTA , which can be achieved from completing an associates degree from an accredited educational program. It can be noted that the educational requirement to have a doctoral degree for practice in occupational therapy is not required until in the United States, and practitioners with a lesser degree achieved before will be grandfathered into practice. In conjunction with the educational component of occupational therapy education, there exists a fieldwork component for all educational programs which is a requirement to achieve a degree in OT.
All OT education program include periods of clinical education and fieldwork practicing with evaluation and treatment of clients in various clinical settings. Some examples of fieldwork experience include but are not limited to working with stroke patients in rehabilitation hospitals, developmental treatment with children in the community, working with olders adults with dementia in skilled nursing homes, and mental health settings.
The profession of occupational therapy is based on a wide theoretical and evidence based background. The OT curriculum focuses on the theoretical basis of occupation through multiple facets of science, including occupational science, anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, and neurology. In addition, this scientific foundation is integrated with knowledge from psychology, sociology and more. The WFOT concerns that occupational therapists will have access to further professional education, higher degrees and post professional training.
Occupational therapists are also participating in research in various areas of practice. In the United States, Canada and other countries around the world, there is a licensure requirement. In order to obtain OT license, the Occupational therapists need to graduate from an accredited OT educational program, complete their fieldwork requirements and to apply and pass national certification examination. Occupational therapists use theoretical frameworks to frame their practice.
Note that terminology differs between scholars. An incomplete list of theoretical bases for framing a human and their occupations include the following:. Generic models are the overarching title given to a collation of compatible knowledge, research and theories that form conceptual practice. Though there are Conceptual Models listed above that allow the Therapist to conceptualise the Occupational Roles of the patient, it is often important to use further reference to embed Clinical Reasoning.
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICF is a framework to measure health and ability by illustrating how these components impact one's function. This relates very closely to the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework, as it is stated that "the profession's core beliefs are in the positive relationship between occupation and health and its view of people as occupational beings".
Occupational therapy - Wikipedia
The ICF also includes contextual factors environmental and personal factors that relate to the framework's context. In addition, body functions and structures classified within the ICF help describe the client factors described in the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework. It is noted in the literature that occupational therapists should use specific occupational therapy vocabulary along with the ICF in order to ensure correct communication about specific concepts.
It also may not be possible to exactly match the connotations of the ICF categories to occupational therapy terms. The ICF is not an assessment and specialized occupational therapy terminology should not be replaced with ICF terminology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Occupational medicine. American Occupational Therapy Association.
World Federation of Occupational Therapists. The First 30 Years, — American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. American Journal of Occupational Therapy. An introduction to occupational science, A foundation for occupational therapy in the 21st century. A time for reflection on core values". Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. A Philosophical Model for Therapy and Theory". Kielhofner Health though occupation: Theory and practice in occupational therapy.
Theoretical basis of occupational therapy 2nd Ed. Clinical reasoning in occupational therapy in Higgs J and Jones M Clinical reasoning in the health professions. Oxford, Butterworth Heinemann Ltd. The philosophy of occupation therapy. Archives of Occupational Therapy, 1, 1— Connections between Lifestyles, Resilience and Illness". Journal of Occupational Science. Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 3— Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 7— A Tribute to a Pioneer".
British Journal of Occupational Therapy. The essential nexus between philosophy, theory and practice".
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Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. A Critical Overview, Part 1". A Critical Overview, Part 2". Conceptual Foundations of Occupational Therapy. Multiculturalism in occupational therapy: A time for reflection on core values. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 42 4 , — Creating partnerships to promote health and fitness in children, OT Practice , 10— Domain and Process 3rd Edition ".
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Occupational therapy practice framework: American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68 Suppl. Salary and workforce survey: Retrieved May 23, Retrieved 19 April Occupational Therapy for Children. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Retrieved July 25, Occupational Therapy in Mental Health. A Vision for Participation. FA Davis Company, Philadelphia. Am J Occup Ther. What is next in your practice area? Treating the visual consequences of traumatic brain injury, OT Practice, 19 20 , Occupational Therapy for Physical Dysfunction 6 ed. Retrieved 23 April Can J Occup Ther.
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American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71, Adult attachment, sensory processing, and distress in healthy adults. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 70, Domain and process 2nd ed. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62, — American Journal of Occupational Therapy , 56, — Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Answers to the comments from Norway". See also templates Aspects of corporations Aspects of jobs Aspects of organizations Aspects of workplaces Occupational safety and health Employment.